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CUSCO: THE CITY OF THE INCAS
Max. 20°C / 68°F
Min. 10.3°C / 50.54°F
During Inca times the city of Cusco was called Haukaypata, a Quechua word meaning “the warrior’s place”. It was an important ceremonial center where the Inti Raymi or Sun Festival takes place every year.
According to the chroniclers, Qorikancha was one of the most impressive buildings in Cusco during Inca Empire. Inside it had entire walls covered with sheets of gold as it was the main temple dedicated to the Sun God.
TWELVE ANGLE STONE
It is a Stone carved in an Inca wall which has twelve angles that fit exactly with the other stones around it, that is why it is considered one of the most representative figures of the perfection achieved in the architecture during Inca period.
SACSAYHUAMAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK
This complex covers 33 archaeological sites, the best known is Sacsayhuaman. It is presumed that it was built for religious purposes but do to its location and style it was considered as a military fortress by Spaniards and chroniclers.
THE SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS
It is a valley of extraordinary beauty that houses great archaeological monuments. They express the high level of development achieved by the Inca culture and tell us about the past.
Moray was an important agricultural research station for domestication, acclimatization and hybridization of wild species making them better suited for human consumption. It is believed that each of its terraces reproduced its own microclimate to produce 60% of vegetable species, 3000 separate varieties of potato, corn, etc.
MARAS SALT MINE
They are salt mines whose exploitation is as old as the Tahuantinsuyo. The villagers channel the saline water that emanates from the ground, from a water hole called Qoripujio, towards pools where, due to the effects of the sun, it evaporates leaving the salt on the surface which is then treated to be sold in the local markets.
It was built during Inca period as a fortified area including a temple, terraces and an urban sector. Two sectors can be distinguished: one named “Araqama Ayllu” dedicated to worship and religion; and a second sector called “Qosqo Ayllu” dedicated to housing. Ollantaytambo is the only Inca town where many residents still live in the ancient Inca buildings dating back centuries.
It is a group of archaeological remains composed of platforms, aqueducts, amazing walls and doors, waterways, cemeteries, tunnels and bridges.
This site presents exceptional lithic expressions due to the monumentality and development of its architecture. It was built by Tupac Inca Yupanqui in 1480. Chinchero is also the center of weaving in Peru where local women offer weaving demonstrations to visitors.
This textile center exhibits camelids such as llamas, vicunas and alpacas in its natural environment and weaving works with natural fibers extracted from these animals. In addition, it is possible to observe some agricultural platforms of the Inca period and some species of the flora of the area.
The Inca trail to Machu Picchu is one of the most important trekking routes in South America. Along the way you can see numerous streams and water courses of glacial origin. On route, you can see twelve archaeological monuments , the most significant being: Qoriwachayrachina, Patallaqta, Runkuraqay, Sayacmarca, Phuyupatamarca, Intipunku, Intipata y Wiñayhuayna.
It is an ancient Inca citadel located in the middle of a tropical mountain forest. There are temples, platforms and waterways. It was built with large blocks of stone joined together without the use of amalgam. It was declared Historical and Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1981being recognized as an important political, religious and administrative center of the Inca civilization.
Three hours far from Cusco city, you will find a colorful and wonderful place where nature made one of its most beautiful works. In this land, blessed by the Incas, you will find a paradise for trekking and responsible tourism lovers.
AUSANGATE SNOW-CAPPED MOUNTAIN
It is ideal for adventure sports, mainly for those who like trekking and glacier climbing. This high Andean area is surrounded by turquoise lagoons like Sibinicocha which is a 8km water mirror. The sunsets and sunrises in the vicinity of Ausangate mountain are wonderful natural spectacles.
Choquequirao or “Golden cradle» could be one of the lost cities in Vilcabamba Valley, where the Incas took refuge since 1536. The complex consists of nine architectural stone groups, with hundreds of platforms, rooms and irrigation systems. The buildings are distributed around an esplanade or main square.
Calle Solitario de Sayan 741
San Miguel, Lima – Perú
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